Full Spectrum, Broad Spectrum, and Isolate refer to types of cannabis extracts, also called concentrates. The terms are intended to indicate the amount of plant-produced therapeutic chemicals present in addition to the primary cannabinoids (CBD and/or THC); they are a shorthand way of conveying the diversity of bioactive material in a given extract.
CBD also contains several cannabis plant compounds, but it is typically entirely free of THC.
One of the compounds in a broad-spectrum CBD is Terpenes that can cause an entourage effect. The definition of the Entourage Effect is relatively simple; it is the theory that cannabinoids have more favourable actions when delivered with a higher proportion of native phytochemicals such as terpenes, flavonoids and other cannabinoids. This manifests as both amplification of positive effects (efficacy) and modulation of undesirable ones (tolerability).
Thus Broad Spectrum applies to extractions that aim to retain a large complement of phytochemicals without the THC, which allows for some Entourage Effect action. Hemp, defined as cannabis plants containing less than 0.3% THC, forms the basis for most Broad Spectrum extracts.
Broad Spectrum can also be created by either adding terpenes, flavonoids and minor cannabinoids to CBD isolate, or by removing THC from Full Spectrum extract via distillation. Compared to Full Spectrum, Broad Spectrum extracts are slightly lighter in colour and while their flavour profiles are similar, they are not as hemp-forward and bold.
Our full plant extraction process is done with an high grade ethanol solvent, as this ensures that the terpenes, and cannabinoids are preserved during extraction.
We take our time during the solvent recovery process to ensure that we retain as much of the natural occurring terpenes.
After extraction is completed, we use the full plant extract for our formulations.
CBD ISOLATE vs BROAD SPECTRUM
Most frequent questions and answer
What is and Isolate CBD
CBD isolate is the third common form of CBD. Isolate is the purest form of extracted cannabinoids, a crystalline powder with a purity of 99.9%. It is created through additional solvent processes after distillation. The additional processing steps are expensive, but due to the extreme purity of the final product, cheaper crude extracts can be used as starting material without concern for residues.